The purpose of the study was the collection and presentation of information on inheritance in Islam with particular attention being paid to women. Following an explanation of how the research was motivated, Part One gives a detailed survey of religious bases, law books and expert opinion, complemented by examples of division of inheritance in actual practise. Part Two summarises information gained in interviews. The often confusing practises of dowry and the special phenomenon of postponed division of inheritance are explained and supported by model cases. Womens economic independence and various aspects of the transfer of property in the absence of wills are also discussed.